WIRELESS INFORMATION AND ENERGY TRANSFER: TRADEOFF FOR FAIR RESOURCE ALLOCATION
In this paper, we study two schemes for the fair resource allocation in wireless powered communication networks (WPCNs): a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme, and a proportional fair (PF) scheduling scheme. The considered WPCN consists of a base station (BS) that broadcast radio frequency (RF) energy over the downlink, and N energy harvesting users (EHUs). If NOMA is employed, all EHUs concurrently transmit information over the uplink with successive interference cancellation employed at the BS. If PF scheduling is employed, a single EHU is selected for uplink transmission in each frame. For both schemes, we arrive at optimal allocations for the BS transmit power and the time sharing between uplink and downlink transmissions that maximize the uplink sum-rate, while maintaining high level of system fairness. For the PF scheme, we also derive the optimal scheduling policy. Compared to the state-of-the art schemes based upon time division multiple access (TDMA), both schemes significantly improve the system fairness at the expense of minor (or nonexistent) rate degradation.
Key words: energy harvesting; wireless powered communication networks; non-orthogonal multiple access; successive interference cancelation; proportional fair scheduling
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