166. FUSION NUCLEAR POWER AS PERS PECTIVE FOR ACHIEVING THE DECARBONATION OF ENERGY SECTOR
Keywords: fusion, power plant, energy
AbstractIn order to achieve the goals of a non-carbonized energy system, there are also major challenges in how to replace coal-fired power plants as base load production facilities. One option is to replace with gas power plants that are more efficient than coal-fired TPPs with lower greenhouse gas emissions as well as fUssion nuclear power plants. In this regard, fusion nuclear power plants (NPP) are a perspective for the development of new technology in nuclear production facilities. Although fusion development has been expanding for the last 60 years, it is to be expected that the next 20 years will achieve the goal of commercially using this technology for peaceful energy purposes. The paper presents an overview of the development of fusion technology, as well as the challenges and obstacles that need to be overcome in order to achieve a commercial nuclear reactor. A magnetic confinement device – Tokamak, is represented as the most advanced device for sustainable plasma burning. Properties and expectations of the latest international Tokamak (ITER) are presented.